现场测试

PV Modules

单晶硅、多晶硅、PERC和双玻光伏组件的真实世界对比。

Realtime data
-- -- 当地时间
Installation date: 09-03-2020
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辐照度
罗马尼亚
44°17'59.9"N
26°11'29.7"E

Mono

2500Wp --
Total solar yield: --

Split-cell

2500Wp --
Total solar yield: --

Poly

2500Wp --
Total solar yield: --

PERC

2500Wp --
Total solar yield: --

*这是一场现场测试,结果特定于该地点的此次安装。,请根据您的具体情况研究最适合自己的解决方案,因为结果可能会因环境影响而有所不同。

小船

提升航海的乐趣

让船下水,扬帆起航,乐趣无穷。 不论是垂钓、滑水或环岛游数日,航行都意味着自由自在。 在用电时,您也希望不受拘束。 不论身在何处,都能自由地给手机充电,或播放最爱的音乐。 Victron的智能电源解决方案让任何一种小船只都拥有用电自由。

最佳电力方案

想象与好友去垂钓,共度周末 外侧的发动机让您的小船行驶到湖中央 那天的垂钓成果将成为您晚上的盘中餐,随后您在一座小岛上扎营过夜。

让我们一起制定最佳电力方案,让您尽享舒适的旅程。

消费品

您需要多少?

即使是一艘小船也依赖电气设备。船上所有装备都将使用直流电来运行,但您将需要一个交流电插座为手机或笔记本电脑充电。所有电器都要使用一定的功率。功率只是一方面。时间同样重要。船上的灯功率可能为100瓦,但它们只在有限的时间内亮着。一个小冷藏箱的功率为50瓦,但一直在运行。

为了让您清楚明白,根据“正常”用电和“较大”用电,我们简述了两个系统示例

0.6 - 1.2 千瓦时/天

“正常”和“较大”的每日用电情况。 了解更多

了解更多

示例1

灯的功率为100瓦,但每天只用4小时。
100瓦 x 4小时 = 0.4千瓦时/天

示例2

冷藏箱的功率为50瓦,但一整天都在运行(实际制冷时间为半天)
50瓦 x 24小时/2 = 0.6千瓦时/天

蓄电& 转换

应该存储多少电力?

您不想发动机一直运行。 它会把鱼吓跑。 解决方案是将能量储存在(深循环)电池中,逆变器将储存的电能转换为230V。 沿途,电池可使用岸电和交流发电机充电。 如果您计划旅行几天,一般来说,请确保电池有足够的电量来满足48小时的用电需求。

x 2

锂电池的强大容量应该是每日用电量的两倍。

x 4

由于± 50%的较小放电容量,铅酸电池的存储容量应为每日用电量的四倍。

转换

逆变器应能连续处理平均负载,并与预期的峰值电流相匹配,我们的逆变器处理得非常好(平均为其连续电流的两倍)。

发电

电力来自哪里?

提供旅行所需的电力有几种选择。 首先,码头有岸电。 或者,如果您用拖车把船带回家,将它停在车库里。 在海上,您可以使用船只发动机上的交流发电机。

电力来源

电池充电器
10A - 30A
交流发电机
35A - 70A

电力情况

正常较大 以千瓦时计算的电力情况,基于每日用电情况,应与发电量保持平衡。

以安时计算的蓄电电池,利用铅酸电池,容量翻倍。

您的浏览器似乎不支持最新技术,因此无法正常查看此部分,建议您使用更新的浏览器。

完整系统

详情

如何构建完整的电力系统?这是我们对普通小船的建议。

深循环电池

装载

AC devices

Devices you bring on board usually need an AC outlet. Think of:

  • Phone charger
  • Laptop
  • Drone batteries

Battery charger

As the name suggests: the battery charger recharges the boat’s battery when plugged into shore power. At the same time the Victron battery chargers will also power the boat’s electrics.

All Victron battery chargers operate automatically. You can safely keep them connected to the battery all the time, even when the boat is not in use. Waterproof chargers are also available.

Battery Monitor

A battery monitor is like a "fuel gauge" for your battery. It records how much power is consumed and charged. The battery monitor calculates the state of charge, remaining capacity and time till empty. The battery voltage does not give an accurate indication of how full the battery is. A battery monitor does.

Victron battery monitors keep track of historical data, like the number of charging cycles, deepest discharge, highest voltage, lowest voltage and so on. It will alert you to critical conditions such as low voltage or low charge. The smart monitor can even shut down the entire power supply to avoid expensive battery damage.

Choosing a BMV:

  • Choose a BMV 700 battery monitor if you want to monitor the house battery and don’t need a Bluetooth connection.
  • Choose a BMV 702 battery monitor if you want to monitor both the house battery and the starter battery, and you don’t need a Bluetooth connection.
  • Choose a BMV 712 battery monitor if you want to monitor both the house battery and the starter battery via Bluetooth on a smartphone or tablet.

BatteryCombiner

The Cyrix BatteryCombiner is the only safe way to connect the house battery to the starter battery (to start your boat’s engines). With a BatteryCombiner you can charge the house battery from the alternator without running the risk of draining the starter battery (which always should be ready to go). When other sources of power are available (eg. shore/solar/generator power), the Cyrix BatteryCombiner will allow bi-directional charging from the house battery to the starter battery.

When the Voltages of the starter and house batteries are the same, use a Cyrix: its current rating should be equal or bigger than the current rating of the alternator. If the house battery is Lithium and the alternators Amperage is smaller than the house battery, or when the Voltages of the starter and house battery are different: use a Orion or Buck-Boost.

BatteryProtect

Discharging your battery too far will damage it. Adding a Victron BatteryProtect will disconnect the boat’s electronics when the battery voltage drops below a pre-set level. It will also automatically reconnect everything when the battery is sufficiently recharged.

There is more to a Victron BatteryProtect. Built-in shutdown delays ensure vital electronics aren’t disconnected in error, i.e. when starting the engine causes a short drop in voltage.

BMS 12/200

The BMS 12/200 is a dedicated battery management system (BMS) that protects Victron Smart 12,8V LFP batteries against deep discharges, overcharging and high temperatures with up to 200 Amps maximum DC current. When critical values are exceeded, the BMS acts immediately: loads are disconnected physically in case of a deep discharge and charging is stopped when there is a risk of overcharging. High temperatures trigger an immediate end to both charging and discharging.

This is the only BMS that can be directly connected to an alternator, protecting them from overload/overheating. This works with a combination of an AB fuse (rated in accordance with the expected max load current of the alternator) and an internal programmable input (which limits the input current electronically to 80% of the AB fuse).

Please check your manufacturer for the maximum charging current of your alternator and size AB fuses of the BMS 12/200 accordingly, see manual.

When different Lithium batteries & higher voltages are used, other solutions are needed, such as the VE.bus BMS and Lynx-Ion.

See our bigger boat types to see a bigger Lithium system and BMS See more info on alternator charging Lithium (and not blow them up)

Boat engines

Small motor boats rely on their engine to get the job done. Their engine comes with an alternator to charge the engine batteries, drive fuel pumps, etc.

Once the starter batteries are recharged, the engines can also recharge the house battery and power the boats electronics. When the engine is used the majority of the day, there will always be enough energy generation to compensate the daily consumption. However, when the boat isn’t used over time, batteries might run dead eventually. Our battery chargers take excellent care of your batteries when in the harbour or garage.

Boat Electronics

A small boat will have several electronic devices; they all run of the house battery. Think of:

  • Boat control panel
  • Log/depth sounder
  • Chart-plotter or GPS
  • VHF Radio
  • Navigation lights
  • Pump – Bilge, deck wash
  • Fridge
  • Interior lighting
  • Music player
  • Bait Tank – Recirculating
  • Electric Fishing Reels/winches

House battery

The house battery supplies power to your boat’s electrical system. Choose a battery with a generous capacity as there might be long intervals between re-charges. Sometimes the starter battery doubles up as the house battery. If you opt for this set-up, make sure the battery is well protected against discharge. It will be hard to start the boat when the battery is flat.

For a house battery you can choose from two types: lead-acid and lithium. There are various reasons to favour one over the other. Here are a few common ones:

  • Choose Lead-Acid when:
  • Use occasionally
  • Lower purchase cost
  • Weight and space are not an issue
  • Normal charging
  • Choose Lithium when:
  • Use daily
  • Lower cost per cycle
  • Weight and space considerations
  • Fast charging

House battery

The house battery supplies power to your boat’s electrical system. Choose a battery with a generous capacity as there might be long intervals between re-charges. Sometimes the starter battery doubles up as the house battery. If you opt for this set-up, make sure the battery is well protected against discharge. It will be hard to start the boat when the battery is flat.

For a house battery you can choose from two types: lead-acid and lithium. There are various reasons to favour one over the other. Here are a few common ones:

  • Choose Lead-Acid when:
  • Use occasionally
  • Lower purchase cost
  • Weight and space are not an issue
  • Normal charging
  • Choose Lithium when:
  • Use daily
  • Lower cost per cycle
  • Weight and space considerations
  • Fast charging

Inverter

An inverter creates AC power from a DC source. It lets you use devices on board that need a regular AC outlet.

The inverter needs to be big enough to handle the maximum AC load you want to bring on board. If the load exceeds 375 VA, you might consider a combined inverter/charger instead. Models start at 500 VA.

Starter Battery

The starter battery is needed to start your boat’s engine. These batteries are different from house batteries and engineered to deal with a large discharge current. The starter battery should always be ready to go. It’s best to isolate the starter battery from all other electrical circuits on board, so it cannot be accidentally drained of power, with a BatteryCombiner.

Shore Power

Either in the marina or back home you’ll hook the boats charger up to shore power to recharge the battery. Shore power can also be used for maintenance and to run large AC loads.

VictronConnect

All Victron products on your boat can be monitored and controlled from the palm of your hand. Just connect the VictronConnect App via Bluetooth and you’ll have direct access to indicators like battery voltage and current. You can also turn devices on or off, as well as change their settings.

See what the VictronConnect app can do
系统示例

耗电量会因船只和船主需求而异,即使是在小船上。 这里举了两个例子来说明小船的最佳电力方案,一个是正常用电,一个是较大用电。

请注意,在设计和安装最佳方案时,您需要考虑诸多因素:您的Victro专业服务人员很高兴为您提供帮助。

要正常查看该表格的详细内容和整个部分,建议您使用更新的浏览器。

正常
较大
敞篷摩托艇、渔船、滑水船± 19-26英尺。
船的尺寸相同,但耗电量更大,原因有:航行时间更长、对舒适度要求更高或船上载人更多。
消费品
每日用电量
0.6千瓦时
1.2千瓦时
最大电力
400瓦
900瓦
蓄电和逆变
Victron Phoenix
12/250
12/500
BatteryProtect
65A
如果使用12,8V锂电池,替换成12/200 BMS
100A
如果使用12,8V锂电池,替换成12/200 BMS
深循环电池
110Ah 12V AGM
或60Ah 12,8V锂电池
220Ah 12V AGM
或100Ah - 150Ah 12,8V锂电池
BatteryCombiner
Cyrix 120A
或12/200 BMS*(在使用12,8V锂电池的情况下)
Cyrix 120A
或12/200 BMS*(在使用12,8V锂电池的情况下)
发电
交流发电机
35A - 70A
35A - 70A
额定230V的岸电
16A
16A
电池充电器(来自岸上)
12V、10A至15A Blue Smart充电器
12V、20A至30A Blue Smart充电器
扩展
更多扩展
电池监视器BMV-712 Smart
电池监视器BMV-712 Smart
展示完整列表

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探索海上电力世界

寻找当地经销商

Victron专业的服务人员网络遍及全球,致力于为您制定最佳方案,解决您的挑战。

依赖我们的全球服务

在Victron,我们发现快速有效地为客户提供服务和支持至关重要。 因此我们的全球Victron专业人员掌握了最高水平的专业技术,还能为您提供最迅速的维修服务。

因此,无论您要去往何方,我们都会为您保驾护航。