现场测试

PV Modules

单晶硅、多晶硅、PERC和双玻光伏组件的真实世界对比。

Realtime data
-- -- 当地时间
Installation date: 09-03-2020
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辐照度
罗马尼亚
44°17'59.9"N
26°11'29.7"E

Mono

2500Wp --
Total solar yield: --

Split-cell

2500Wp --
Total solar yield: --

Poly

2500Wp --
Total solar yield: --

PERC

2500Wp --
Total solar yield: --

*这是一场现场测试,结果特定于该地点的此次安装。,请根据您的具体情况研究最适合自己的解决方案,因为结果可能会因环境影响而有所不同。

风帆游艇

惬意地扬帆出海

摩托游艇堪称设计杰作。 在游艇的有限空间里,实现了家的舒适感。 不论去向何方,您都渴望享受来之不易的极端奢华。 Victron提供智能电网,能够应对您航海过程中遇到的任何挑战。 因此您可以悠闲地躺在甲板的椅子上。

您的航行需要多少电力?

不论是携全家前往海岛欢度周末,或是停留在一个美丽的海湾长达一周,您都可以尽情地享受假期。 这意味着最佳电力方案会因游艇和船主需求而异。 无论您制定了哪种航行计划,Victron几乎都能为您的用电需求提供保障。下面我们以“普通” 摩托游艇为例,向您介绍“正常”和“较大”电力情况。

让我们看看您的最佳电力方案,让您可以自由使用电器。

消费品

您需要多少?

如果没有电气设备,摩托游艇就不可能完整。 游艇运行的大部分设备利用直流电,大型(家用)电器利用交流电。 这能增加多少电力?不要只看瓦数。 微波炉的功率为1000瓦,但只用4分钟。 冰箱/冰柜组合的功率只有100瓦,但一天24小时都在运行。

为了让您清楚明白,根据“正常”用电和“较大”用电,我们简述了两个系统示例

2.4 - 4.8 千瓦时/天

“正常”用电和“较大”用电情况 了解更多

了解更多

示例1

微波炉的功率为1000瓦,但只用4分钟。
1000瓦/ 60 x 4 = 0.67千瓦时/天

示例2

冰箱/冰柜组合的功率为84瓦,但一整天都在运行(通常制冷时间为半天)。
84瓦x 24小时/2 = 1千瓦时/天

蓄电& 转换

应该存储多少电力?

摩托游艇需要完善的电力存储,并转换为230V。利用发动机给电池组发电意味着,您在远离岸边抛锚过夜时,无需打开嘈杂的发电机。由于您可能会原地逗留几天,深循环电池应该有足够的电量。根据经验,我们计算的结果是,没有岸电/发动机/发电机/太阳能,船上电力可维持48小时。

x 2

锂电池的强大容量应该是每日用电量的两倍。

x 4

由于± 50%的较小放电容量,铅酸电池的存储容量应为每日用电量的四倍。

转换

逆变器应能连续处理平均负载,并与预期的峰值电流相匹配,我们的逆变器处理得非常好(平均为其连续电流的两倍)。

发电

电力来自哪里?

所有的电力都由发电而来。Victron让您将多个电力渠道融合为一个稳定的电力来源。在码头,您可以使用岸电。在海上,您可以使用船只发动机上的(额外)交流发电机。如果您离岸抛锚停留,您也可以打开发电机。最后,您还可以在船顶安装太阳能板,以获取免费的环保能源。

电力来源

逆变器/充电器
33A - 40A(或取决于更高的电池容量)
交流发电机
2x 50A - 80A(取决于发动机)
太阳能
640W+

Power profile

正常较大 以千瓦时计算的电力情况,基于每日用电情况,应与发电量保持平衡。

以安时计算的蓄电电池,利用铅酸电池,容量翻倍。

您的浏览器似乎不支持最新技术,因此无法正常查看此部分,建议您使用更新的浏览器。

完整系统

详情

如何构建完整的电力系统?这是我们对普通摩托游艇的建议。

深循环电池

AC-devices

Everything you would expect in a home can also be found on a motor cruiser. All these devices need AC to run. Think of:

  • Entertainment suite
  • Television(s)
  • Laptop(s)
  • Phone chargers
  • Fridge and freezer
  • Coffeemaker
  • Breadmaker
  • Dishwasher
  • Microwave
  • Mixer
  • Wine cooler
  • Washing machine

BatteryCombiner

The Cyrix BatteryCombiner is the only safe way to connect the house battery to the starter battery (to start your boat’s engines). With a BatteryCombiner you can charge the house battery from the alternator without running the risk of draining the starter battery (which always should be ready to go). When other sources of power are available (eg. shore/solar/generator power), the Cyrix BatteryCombiner will allow bi-directional charging from the house battery to the starter battery.

When the Voltages of the starter and house batteries are the same, use a Cyrix: its current rating should be equal or bigger than the current rating of the alternator.

If the house battery is Lithium and the alternators Amperage is smaller than the house battery, or when the Voltages of the starter and house battery are different: use a DC-DC converter or Buck-Boost.

BatteryProtect

Discharging your battery too far will damage it. Adding a Victron BatteryProtect will disconnect the boat’s electronics when the battery voltage drops below a pre-set level. It will also automatically reconnect everything when the battery is sufficiently recharged.

There is more to a Victron BatteryProtect. The built-in shutdown delay ensures that vital electronics aren’t disconnected in error, i.e. when starting the engine causes a short drop in battery voltage.

Battery Monitor

A battery monitor is like a "fuel gauge" for your battery. It records how much power is consumed and charged. The battery monitor calculates the state of charge, remaining capacity and time till empty. The battery voltage does not give an accurate indication of how full the battery is. A battery monitor does.

Victron battery monitors keep track of historical data, like the number of charging cycles, deepest discharge, highest voltage, lowest voltage and so on. It will alert you to critical conditions such as low voltage or low charge. The smart monitor can even shut down the entire power supply to avoid expensive battery damage.

Choosing a BMV:

  • Choose a BMV 700 battery monitor if you want to monitor the house battery and don’t need a Bluetooth connection.
  • Choose a BMV 702 battery monitor if you want to monitor both the house battery and the starter battery, and you don’t need a Bluetooth connection.
  • Choose a BMV 712 battery monitor if you want to monitor both the house battery and the starter battery via Bluetooth on a smartphone or tablet.

Boat Network

Keeping grips on all the systems on board can be a hassle. The solution: tie everything together in a single boat network using NMEA communication standards. Your boat network can include navigation equipment, tank senders, battery monitoring and much more. The status information can trigger alarms and shutdowns, adding to the safety on board. The Cerbo GX now supports the NMEA2000 out protocol, allowing you to monitor your boat’s network of systems from wherever you are.

Boat engines

Motor cruisers have one or two diesel engines to get from harbour to horizon. The engines are designed to run continuously, for days on end. They also come with high-output alternators to charge the engine batteries, drive fuel pumps, etc.

Once the starter batteries are recharged, the engines can also power the boat electrics and recharge the house battery. On motor cruiser you’ll find power hungry DC equipment such as anchor windlasses and bow thrusters. The engines have to be running before you can use them.

Boat Electronics

A motor cruiser is packed with dozens of electrical devices. These are all connected to the house battery. Think of:

  • Boat control panel
  • Log/depth sounder
  • Chart-plotter
  • Navigation / GPS
  • Navtex
  • Auto pilot
  • All-band Radio
  • Satellite comms
  • Maritime traffic identification systems
  • Navigation lights
  • Pumps
  • Windlass
  • Bow thruster
  • Fridge and freezer
  • Air conditioning
  • Blowers
  • Interior lighting
  • Music player

Buck-Boost

The Buck-Boost converter is used in dual battery systems, where the (smart) alternator and the start battery are used to charge the service battery (of equal or different voltages). The Buck-boost can be used in 12V or 24V systems and is suitable for both lead acid and lithium batteries.

Charging lithium batteries from the alternator

Alternators cannot be connected directly to most lithium batteries. A lithium battery will draw more current than the alternator can supply, which may result in alternator damage. A Buck-Boost DC/DC converter solves this problem: it acts as a current limiter between the alternator and the battery.

How to select a Buck-Boost? The current rating of the DC/DC converter has to be less than the alternator’s current rating. For example: pair a 50 Amps converter with a 60 Amps alternator. In the software the ideal throughput can be defined.

When the charging capacity exceeds the limits of the Buck-Boost, consider working with DC-DC generator(s) sized to the capacity of the battery bank.

Cerbo GX

The Victron Cerbo GX is the communication-centre of your boat’s installation, allowing you to always have perfect control from wherever you are and maximises its performance. Simply connect through our Victron Remote Management (VRM) portal, or access directly, using the optional GX Touch 50 screen, a Multi Functional Display or our VictronConnect app thanks to its added Bluetooth capability.

The Victron Cerbo GX is an easy to use visual system. Instantly monitor the battery state of charge, power consumption, power harvest from PV, generator, and mains, or check tank levels and temperature measurements. Easily control the shore power input current limit, (auto)start/stop generator(s) or even set quiet periods to avoid starting the generator in the middle of the night. Change any setting to optimise the system, follow up on alerts, perform diagnostic checks and resolve challenges remotely. The Cerbo GX turns any power challenge into an effortless experience.

Galvanic Isolator

A galvanic isolator prevents electrolytic corrosion. The isolator is mounted directly behind the shore power connector on board. It blocks DC currents that might leak through the shore power earth terminal. These currents can cause corrosion to all metal parts under water, like the hull, propeller, shaft, etc. The galvanic isolator should have the same power rating as the incoming shore power.

It’s a misunderstanding that galvanic corrosion occurs only in metal and aluminium hulls. In fact it can occur on any boat as soon as a metallic part (the shaft and propeller) is in contact with water. Galvanic corrosion will quickly dissolve your sacrificial anodes, and attack the shaft, propeller and other metal parts in contact with water as soon as the boat is connected to the shore-side supply. It might therefore be tempting not to connect the ground conductor: this is however extremely dangerous because Ground Fault Current Interrupters will not work nor will a fuse blow in case of a short circuit to a metal part on the boat.

The safe option is to use a Galvanic Isolator for non-metal smaller boats, or use an isolation transformer for metal boats or boats with bigger systems.

Generator

The generator provides energy when shore power is not available and the boat’s engines aren’t running (or can’t supply enough power to meet the demand). The generator is usually supplemented with a inverter/charger and a battery bank. The batteries act as a back-up and allow for quiet periods at night.

Thanks to Victron’s PowerAssist, the generator doesn’t have to be sized for the maximum load. You can use a smaller generator which is cheaper to install, uses less fuel and produces less noise. The inverter automatically bridges the potential gap between supply and demand with support of the battery bank.

GX GSM Dongle

The Victron GX GSM is a 3G cellular modem that enables GX devices with mobile internet for the system and connection to the VRM Portal, allowing you to monitor your system from remote. When the boat is in range of a 3G network, it will send data to the VRM website and you can monitor the boat from your smartphone. The GSM module adds tracking the boat, recording your trips and putting up a geo-fence around the boat. You will get an alert via mail when the boat travels outside the geo-fence area.

House battery

The house battery stores power for the boat’s electrical system. Motor cruisers typically have large power demands and the house battery should have a generous capacity.

For a house battery you can choose from two types: lead-acid and lithium. There are various reasons to favour one over the other. Here are a few common ones:

  • Choose Lead-Acid when:
  • Use occasionally
  • Lower purchase cost
  • Weight and space are not an issue
  • Normal charging
  • Choose Lithium when:
  • Use daily
  • Lower cost per cycle
  • Weight and space considerations
  • Fast charging

House battery

The house battery stores power for the boat’s electrical system. Motor cruisers typically have large power demands and the house battery should have a generous capacity.

For a house battery you can choose from two types: lead-acid and lithium. There are various reasons to favour one over the other. Here are a few common ones:

  • Choose Lead-Acid when:
  • Use occasionally
  • Lower purchase cost
  • Weight and space are not an issue
  • Normal charging
  • Choose Lithium when:
  • Use daily
  • Lower cost per cycle
  • Weight and space considerations
  • Fast charging

Inverter/Charger

On motor cruisers you’ll need an intelligent inverter/charger that automatically switches between various sources to cater for all power needs.

In the marina shore power will be used to feed the boat’s AC grid and charge the batteries. When no shore power is available, the batteries will power both the DC and the AC grid. Power can be drawn from the boat’s engines while sailing. If the power demand gets too high or the batteries get low, the generator will kick in to power the load and charge the batteries.

  • Victron inverter/chargers come with a handful of outstanding features:
  • PowerControl: automatically manage battery charging to prevent an overload of the generator or shore power.
  • PowerAssist: uses the battery as a buffer to assist the shore power during peak power demand.
  • Perfect power: even sensitive devices run flawlessly on the pure sine wave power.
  • High peak-power: use motorised equipment without overheating.
  • Low self consumption.

Thanks to PowerAssist, the generator doesn’t have to be sized for the maximum load. You can use a smaller generator which is cheaper to install, uses less fuel and produces less noise.

If you don’t have a generator on board, a Multiplus is all you need. With a generator on board a Quattro is the better choice.

We strongly recommend 24 Volts for new boats. The higher voltage is simply a better choice when it comes to meeting the power demands of a motor cruiser. If your boat’s system is based on 12 Volts, select a 12 Volts unit instead. If you have dissimilar battery banks, consider charging them using a DC-DC converter, or have it power several dissimilar appliances with a different voltage than the house battery.

Generally speaking, a 3 kVA unit will be big enough, unless the power consumption is higher than average. For example: when you have an air conditioner on board. If this is the case, choose a 5 kVA unit.

MFD GX Integration

The Marine MFD GX integration enables you to easily connect a Multi Functional Display (MFD) to the heart of your power system such as the Cerbo GX, or the GX enabled Multiplus-II GX. Once connected you can easily monitor and control your boat’s power system, right on your Glass Bridge. Now available on the industry’s best MFDs, such as Raymarine, Garmin, Simrad, B&G and Lowrance.

Shore Power

Usually shore power is available in the marina; it is used to run large AC equipment on board and recharge the batteries. Larger boats need a three phase supply. Sometimes shore power can’t provide enough power to cater for the total AC load of the boat. It might also just be single phase.

Often shore power is limited in how much power you can draw, i.e. just 10 Amps. Berths with higher ratings might not always be available. Victron inverter/chargers allow you set a maximum shore power current. Now you can charge your batteries and turn on any equipment without blowing a fuse. Thanks to Victron’s PowerAssist, the generator and batteries can automatically bridge the gap between supply and demand.

Sometimes shore power is less than perfect. You might run into voltage drops if you’re at the far end of the harbour. There could also be power surges, which could harm sensitive equipment on board. Victron’s inverter/chargers smooth out these problems and turn bad power into perfect power.

Solar charger

Solar panels won’t be able to cover all the power needed, but they can reduce the running time of the generator and fuel costs.

A solar charger - also called MPPT controller, harvests the power from the solar panels to charge the house battery. Solar chargers have the same charging cycles as our regular, fully automatic, battery chargers. When your boat is moored without shore spower, solar power is a great way to keep the batteries charged.

In a marine environment, the performance of solar panels changes constantly. Victron’s solar controllers use ultra fast maximum power point tracking to squeeze up to 30% more power out of your panels.

See our Solar Calculator to size the solar panels and select a MPPT charger

Solar panels

Solar panels won’t be able to cover all the power needed, but they can reduce the running time of the generator and fuel costs. Victron offers a wide range of highly efficient solar panels that are just perfect for marine use.

Starter Battery

The starter battery is needed to start your boat’s engines. These batteries are different from house batteries and engineered to deal with a large discharge current. The starter batteries should be ready to go. Always use a BatteryCombiner to connect the starter batteries to the rest of the electrical system; it prevents an accidental drain of power.

GX Touch

The GX Touch 50 display allows you to have an instant overview of your system and adjust settings in the blink of an eye. Simply connected to the Cerbo GX with one cable, its super slim 5 inch waterproof design and its top-mountable setup bring a lot of flexibility when creating a crisp and clean dashboard.

VE.Bus BMS

The VE.Bus BMS is a dedicated battery management system (BMS) that protects lithium batteries against deep discharges, overcharging and high temperatures. When critical values are exceeded, the BMS acts immediately and will have the 230V loads disconnected by the inverter and the 12V/24V loads by the BatteryProtect in case of a deep discharge. Charging is stopped when there is a risk of overcharging. High temperatures trigger an immediate end to both charging and discharging.

The VE.Bus BMS can be used in 24, 24 and 48 Volt systems. The BMS does not physically disconnect the like other BMS do, but sends a signal that will turn the load or charge off. The VE.Bus BMS should always be paired with a BatteryProtect. There is no limit on the size of the connected inverter. The VE.Bus BMS comes standard with a mains detector, so the BMS is able to control the rest of the system when these parameters change: for instance, stopping the charging process of the inverter/charger when shore power is unplugged.

VictronConnect

All Victron products on your boat can be monitored and controlled from the palm of your hand. Just connect the VictronConnect App via Bluetooth and you’ll have direct access to values like battery voltage and current. You can also turn devices on or off, as well as change their settings.

See what the VictronConnect app can do
系统示例

耗电量会因游艇和船主需求而异。 设计最佳电力方案时应始终考虑到游艇的规格。 但在您开始前,这里举了两个例子来说明摩托游艇的最佳电力方案,一个是正常用电,一个是较大用电。

请注意,在设计和安装最佳方案时,您需要考虑诸多因素:您的Victro专业服务人员很高兴为您提供帮助。

要正常查看该表格的详细内容和整个部分,建议您使用更新的浏览器。

正常
较大
摩托游艇可达33-46英尺
4名船员
船的尺寸相同,但耗电量更大,原因有:航行时间更长、对舒适度要求更高或船上载人更多。
消费品
每日用电量
2.4千瓦时
4.8千瓦时
总电力 电池和发电机
±8 kVA
± 10 kVA
最大电力 电池和发电机
± 16 kVA
± 20 kVA
最大电力 仅用电池
± 6 kVA
± 10 kVA
蓄电和逆变
Victron Quattro
24/3000
24/5000
BatteryProtect
100A
220A
深循环电池
2个220Ah 12V电池
或4个165Ah 12V AGM型电池
4个220Ah 12V AGM型电池
或25,6V/200Ah锂电池
BatteryCombiner
Cyrix 120A(取决于交流发电机)
2个Cyrix 120A电池(取决于交流发电机)
当交流发电机可以防止锂电池爆炸,或调整安培数至正常交流发电机的安全区时,锂电池:两个Buck-Boost 100A (/24V = 50A) 电池
发电
交流发电机
2个80A电池 (24V)
2个80A电池 (24V)
额定230V的岸电
16A
1个16A电池
或1个25A电池
电气隔离器
16A(非金属船只)
或隔离变压器3600瓦(金属船只或较大系统)
16A或32A(非金属船只)
或隔离变压器3600瓦或7000瓦(金属船只或较大系统)
发电机
5kVa
非必要
5kVa
太阳能
± 640W
± 640W
如果条件允许,越多越好
太阳能充电器
(Smart) MPPT 100/35
最小
根据综合充电板电压调整
监控
电池监测器
BMV-712 Smart
BMV-712 Smart
扩展
更多扩展
Cerbo GX和GX Touch 50
Cerbo GX和GX Touch 50
GX GSM模块
GX GSM模块
展示完整列表

寻找当地经销商

Victron专业的服务人员网络遍及全球,致力于为您制定最佳方案,解决您的挑战。

依赖我们的全球服务

在Victron,我们发现快速有效地为客户提供服务和支持至关重要。 因此我们的全球Victron专业人员掌握了最高水平的专业技术,还能为您提供最迅速的维修服务。

因此,无论您要去往何方,我们都会为您保驾护航。